the effects of sports on students motivation and concentration

Topics: Motivation, Educational psychology Pages: 10 (2324 words) Published: October 18, 2013
I. Table of Contents

1.

Scope of the topic............................................................................................................................ 3

2.

Motivation and Concentration of student’s .................................................................................... 4

3.

Positive effects of sport ................................................................................................................... 5

4.

Relation between sport and the academic success of students ..................................................... 6

5.

Outlook ............................................................................................................................................ 7

II. Bibliography ......................................................................................................................................... 8

Declaration

1. Scope of the topic
“Since the time of the ancient Greeks, there has been an implicit belief that physical activity is linked to intellectual abilities. However, the relation between exercise and children’s mental function has not, until relatively recently, been systematically evaluated.”1 This academic work deals with the relationship of sport and the psychological effect on students. Especially this piece of work ascertains if exercise affect the motivation and concentration of students in a positive way. The topic is of special interest for all students and prospective students, because it regards their academic success. Furthermore it is also interesting for the teachers or professors of the university. They can reconsider or change their sport program if it exist a proof that students achieve higher academic performance by doing sports. The main body of this work consist three parts. Firstly it is explained what motivation and concentration signify and that it is one of the major quality characteristics that students need. The second part shows some of the numerous positive effects of sport, but has its focus mainly on the psychological aspects. Building upon this the third chapter brings the first and the second together and deals with the main question of this work, the relation between sports and student’s academic success. Tough the emphasis is the effect of athletic activity on the student’s motivation and concentration. To point out this relationship is also the main aim of this academic work.

1

Tomporowski, P.D., (2007): p. 1.

3

2. Motivation and Concentration of student’s
Motivation is a process, which we infer from actions. These actions develop from goals that are also involved in motivation. Motivation has the idea of movement, it keeps us going, makes us working and helps us to achieve our goals.2 There exist different types of motivation, such as intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, achievement motivation and learning motivation. This work manly focuses on achievement and learning motivation.

Efficient, active and independent learning requires motivation of the students, so motivation is a really important characteristic that students need.3Furthermore educational research shows, that there is a link between the achievement results of students and the differences in motivation.4 The question is where the differences in motivation come from. “Motivation, like personality, is a concept that covers the whole range of behavior”5 Most of the students have a need for achievement and success in life, but this need is altered for everybody.6 Referring to the expectancy-value motivation theory by Eccles, achievement motivation is related to expectancies for future success and to the value of the task. The individual decides how important, useful or interesting a task is, so what the value of the task is. Accordingly the value of the task has a major impact on the achievement motivation of the students.7

In addition to motivation, concentration is also an influential factor...

Bibliography: Books:
Findeisen, D.G.R., (1994): Sport, Psyche und Immunsystem: über die Zusammenhänge zwischen physischem und psychischem Wohlbefinden
Fuchs, R. ( 2003): Sport, Gesundheit und Public Health. Hogrefe-Verlag
Hottenrott, K
Kaltwasser, V. (2008): Achtsamkeit in der Schule. Weinheim und Basel. Beltz Verlag
Niermann, C
Nitsch, J.R. et al. (1981): Stress: Theorien, Untersuchungen, Maßnahmen. Verlag Hans Huber
Pfeffer, I
Weiner, B. (1984): Motivations-psychologie. Weinheim und Basel. Beltz Verlag
Articles:
Boos, A. (2010): Bewegung und Gedächtnis. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Engeser, S
McCaughtery, N. a. Rovegno I. (2001): Meaning and Movement: Exploring the Deep Connections to
Education, Studies in Philosophy and Education, 20: 489-505, Kluwer Academic Publishers
Moser, K. A. (2010): Die Effekte des Sporttreibens auf die kognitive Leistungsfähigkeit im schulischen
Kontext
Steinmayr, R. a. Spinath, B. (2007): Predicting School Achievement from Motivation and Personality.
Meinhardt, M. (2009): Bewegung bringt das Gehirn auf Trab. Nov 1st 2012
http://www.ard.de/mensch-alltag/sport-gehirnleistung//id=918676/vv=print/pv=print/nid=918676/did=1031858/8notde/index.html
Podbregar, N. et al, (2007): Sport macht schlau: Studie belegt positive Wirkung sportlicher Aktivitäten auf den Bildungserfolg. Nov 1st 2012
http://www.scinexx.de/wissen-aktuell-7399-2007-11-15.html
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