Team Work and Motivation

Topics: Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Motivation, Abraham Maslow Pages: 4 (1227 words) Published: October 28, 2013

Teamwork and Motivation
Dr. Hammad Elbedour
Leadership and Organizational Behavior
BUS 520
May 26, 2013

A better organization: Motivation and Teamwork
Motivational Processes of attracting and retaining employees are major factors in today’s businesses. Motivation is an important part of this. There are four basic elements of motivation – One, meeting basic human needs, Two, Designing jobs that motivate individuals, a third is enhancing the belief that desired rewards can be achieved and fourth, treating individuals equitably. Motivation is the force within a person or acted upon a person that cause that person to behave in a specific, goal-directed manner. Motivation is not the same as performance and is different for everyone. To improve motivation, organizations need to attract and encourage employees to remain with them, allow individuals to perform their tasks, and stimulate individuals to go beyond routine. Motivation affects performance. Individuals need to be motivated to complete a task or do a job. They must also have the ability to do that job. Ability can be their natural talents or learned skills. Both ability and motivation affect performance. Motivation is often seen in a process. That process starts with identification of needs. Needs are defined as the deficiencies that a person experiences at a particular time. Needs can be psychological, physiological or social. Next, a way to satisfy those needs is sought out. For example of a need is psychological, like the need for recognition, an employee may feel tension to do something about that need. He may make an effort to fulfill that need and gain that recognition, by setting a goal. The goal may be to work longer hours, to highlight his accomplishments or what ever allows for more recognition. Now a day, innovation is the key word for a better organization. Companies are pushed for changes. Before profit was the most important factor for an organization,...

References: * Alfie Kohn, 19 January 1987, Creativity and intrinsic interest diminish if task is done for gain Boston Globe. http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/motivation.html Retrieved May 24, 2013
* Alexander Kjerulf, 19 December 2006, Why “Motivation by Pizza” doesn’t work. http://positivesharing.com/2006/12/why-motivation-by-pizza-doesnt-work/ Retrieved May 24, 2013
* R. Kyzlinková, L. Dokulilová and A. Kroupa (2007), Teamwork and high performance work organization Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/ewco/reports/TN0507TR01/TN0507TR01.pdf Retrieved May 25, 2013
* Abraham Harold Maslow, 1954. Motivation and Personality
* Daniel Pink, July 2009. The surprising science of motivation [online] TED Global 2009. http://www.ted.com/talks/lang/eng/dan_pink_on_motivation.html Retrieved May 25, 2013
* M. D. Wachter, June 1976. Journal of Medical Ethics. Interdisciplinary Teamwork, page 52-57. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2495117/? page=2 Retrieved May 25, 2013
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