Students Perception on Lecturers Effectiveness at the University of Zambia

Topics: University, Postgraduate education, Higher education Pages: 18 (5704 words) Published: June 4, 2013
CONTENTS page 1.0 INTRODUCTION ……………………………………………………………………… 2
2.0 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM ………………………………………………… 3
2.1. PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION……………………………………………………… 3
2.2. PROBLEM DEFITION………………………………………………………………… 4
3.0. RESEARCH OBJECTIVES…………………………………………………………… 5
4.0. RESEARCH QUESTIONS…………………………………...…………………… 6 5.0. LITERATURE REVIEW …………………………………………………………. 7 5.1. EMPIRICAL RESEARCH…………………………………………………... 8 5.2. REVIEW OF THEORIES....………………………………………… 12 5.3. THEORATICAL FRAMEWORK…………………………………… 14 5.4. FACILITATION THEORY…………………………………………………. 14 5.5. SENSORY STIMULATION THEORY…………………..………………… 14 5.6. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK……………………………………………. 15 6.0. IDENTIFICATION OF VARIABLES……………………………………… 16 7.0. HYPOTHESES ……………………………………………………….. 17 8.0. IDENTIFICATION AND MEASUREMENT OF VARIABLES…………. 18 9.0. METHODOLOGY AND RESEARCH DESIGN………………….…. 20 9.1. SAMPLE SIZE AND DESIGN……………………………………………………… 20 9.2. SAMPLE METHOD…...……………………………………………………………. 22 9.3. DATA COLLECTION….……………………………….………………………….... 22 9.4. DATA ANALYSIS ……………….…………………………………………………. 23 9.5. DATA ANALYSIS PROCEEDURE………………………………………………… 23 10. LIMITATIONS...……………………………………………………………………… 24 11. JUSTIFICATION...………………………………………………………………….... 25 12. BIBLIOGRAPHY………………………………………………………………… 26

1.0 INTRODUCTION
The University of Zambia (UNZA) is Zambia’s largest University. It was founded in 1966 and has its main campus along Great East Road about 7 kilometers from Lusaka City. It has two campuses; one along the Great East Road (which is the main one) and the Ridgeway Campus located at the University Teaching Hospital. It has a student population of more than 13000 students. The University of Zambia is divided into the following schools; The School of Agricultural Sciences, School of Engineering, School of Education, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Law, School of Mines, School of Medicine, School of Natural Sciences and School of Veterinary Medicine. The University offers other facilities and services namely; the Institute for Social and Economic Research, The University of Zambia Library and The Institute of Distance Education. The University of Zambia has suffered over the years as it was the only University offering various programs and taking on students from all parts of the country as well as foreign and post graduate students. It has been plagued with over enrollment and being under stuffed. The conditions of service at UNZA continue to fail to attract and retain staff in order to maintain adequate numbers in its establishment for academic, technical and professional ranks. The facilities and faculties have not been improved or expanded. The undergraduate student enrolment has expanded from a total of 7,558 (4,993 male and 2,565 female) in 2003 to a total of 10,102 students during the first semester of the2007 academic year. The University of Zambia has also had a steady increase in postgraduate student enrolment. For example, in 2007 there were a total of 52 Master’s degree Programs offered by all the nine (9) Schools, with a total student enrolment of 312 (213 male and 99 female). In addition, there were 24 doctorate degree Programs offered by 7 schools, 24 students (17 male and 7 female) enrolled. The institution also offered postgraduate diplomas, with an enrolment of 33 students. There were, therefore, a total of 284 postgraduate students (188 male and 96 female) in the University. Due to the above scenario, this research focuses on measuring the effectiveness of the lecturers in delivering lectures, tutorials, practical classes, assessing and grading student assignments.

2.0 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
2.1 PROBLEM...

Bibliography: 2.2. PROBLEM DEFINITION
Despite the management noting that they are understaffed and that the facilities are not adequate, the student enrollment has been steadily increasing (7 558 in 2003, 10 102 in 2007 and 13 149 in 2010)
5.0. LITERATURE REVIEW
In July 2011, Zambia’s economy was reclassified to a lower middle income country (World Bank Report, 2011)
outcomes for students are made possible, where high quality student learning is promoted and
where superficial approaches to learning are discouraged (Ramsden 1992)
The effectiveness of teaching is affected by a number of factors. These include teacher, student
and environmental factors (Leung and Wong 2005)
Social constructivist theories confirm the importance of community and interactive forces to motivation which in turn links effective teaching with modes of delivery that promote engagement and classroom discussion (Cannon and Newble, 2000).
SENSORY STIMULATION THEORY
Traditional sensory stimulation theory has its basic premise that effective learning occurs when the senses are stimulated (Laird, 1985)
COGNITIVE-GESTALT APPROACH
The emphasis in this theory is on the importance of experience, meaning, problem-solving and the development of insights (Burns, 1995: 112)
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