THE STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC MOTIVATION IN ACCOUNTING SUBJECTS:
COMPARISON STUDY BETWEEN JAPAN and INDONESIA
Osaka Sangyo University, Japan
Trisakti University, Indonesia Sekar Ｍayangsari
Trisakti University, Indonesia
Kwansei Gakuin University
The aim’s of this study to investigate the impact of several factors including Indonesia’s and Japan’s culture on student’s motivation. We use accounting students from Indonesia (270 students) and Japan (406 students) as our sample.
The results show that the level of students, nationality, university, accounting self concept, mastery goals, performance goals, social goal and self efficacy significantly influence on students motivation. The interesting result shows that Japanese students have more motivation to study accounting than Indonesian. This results contrary with the real condition that accounting major is not popular in Japan compare with Indonesia. Moreover, in Indonesia most of Universities has accounting major, in the otherside, there is only small number in Japan.
Keywords: Students’ motivation, Mastery goals, Accounting self concept, Performance goals, Social goals and Self efficacy
Motivation is consisted of intrinsic and extrinsic dimensions. However, the new trend in organizational behavior was to emphasize the importance of intrinsic factors or intrinsic motivation within a cultural perspective (Lyengar & Lepper, 1999, Venkatesh, 1999). Ryan & Deci (2003), for example, defined intrinsic motivation as “the inherent tendency to seek novelty and challenges, to extend and exercise one’s capacities, to explore, and to learn” (P.51). 1
However, as the same researchers insist, maintenance and enhancement of intrinsic motivation requires supportive conditions, as it can be fairly disrupted by various unsupportive conditions.
While intrinsic motivation implies doing an activity for its inherent satisfaction, external motivation refers to the performance of an activity in order to attain some separable outcome and compliance with an external regulation, control or any social agent influence (Ryan & Deci, 2003).
1.1. OBJECTIVES of the Study:
1- To investigate the impact of Indonesia and Japan culture on students' motivations on accounting subjects.
2- To investigate the factors that significantly influence on students’ motivation on accounting subjects.
2. LITERATURE REVIEW AND HYPOTHESES DEVELOPMENT
No doubt, that it is important to investigate the different aspects of motivation within a specific organizational culture. However, the organizational culture was not detached from the general culture (e, g., societal values, traditions, attitudes and home environment). Accordingly, one applied aspects of this topic was university students’ motivation as influenced by family structure, functions, values and other psychological dimensions such as self-confidence. Lumsden (1994), for example, stated the role of the significant others (parents and home environment) in students’ motivation as a main factor which shapes the initial constellation of students’ attitudes they develop toward learning. He stressed that “When children are raised in a home that nurtures a sense of self-worth, competence, autonomy, and self-efficacy, they will be more apt to accept the risks inherent in learning.” (P.2). Gottfried, Fleming and Gottfried (1994) supported this trend and emphasized that their study “strongly suggest that parental motivational practices are causal influences on children’s academic intrinsic motivation and school achievement” (P.110). Accordingly, there was a need to instruct parents on motivational practices such as encouragement of persistence, effort, mastery of subject area, curiosity and exploration (Gottfried et al., 1994). In fact, the impact of family on students’ motivation and school achievement is an old issue that was stresses by McClleland, for example, since 1953. He...
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