speech outline format

Topics: University, College, Higher education Pages: 4 (1159 words) Published: October 6, 2013
Challenges Faced By College Students

Topic: Challenges for College Students
A.  Attention material/Credibility Material: Do you ever sit in class and look at your fellow students thinking “Man, they must have it made”. B.  Tie to the audience: As college students, any of you may be able to identify with the particular challenges faced by a variety of other students, or you may feel like you are alone in the challenges you encounter. C.  Thesis and Preview: Today I’d like to talk to you about some of the challenges faced by college students who are considered first-generation students, non-traditional students, and students from rural communities. [Transition into body of speech]: I’ll begin by telling you about first-generation college students. II. BODY

A. The U.S. Department of Education defines a first-generation student as an undergraduate whose parents have never enrolled in higher education. Several characteristics identify first-generation students. They are more likely to be female, are usually older than traditional aged college students, have dependents, come from low economic backgrounds, and work more hours than traditional college students. 1. Kohler-Giancola found that first-generation students are less psychologically prepared for college, receive less family and peer support, choose colleges based on proximity and cost, and are more likely than their peers to focus their educations on gaining job skills. 2. One of the most significant challenges often facing first-generation students is the lack of a supportive network outside of the college campus because their families lack experience with institutions of higher education. The lack of a supportive network can negatively affect student persistence especially when students work full-time and have dependents; as is the case for so many college students. 3. In addition, Barry found that first-generation students have lower levels of stress disclosure due to a lack...

References: Barry, L.M. (2009). Differences in self-reported disclosure of college experience by first-generation college student status. Adolescence, 44, 173, 55-68.
Courrege, D. (2011). Push to help rural students leap cultural barriers to college. Education Week, 31,6,1-13.
Jinkens, R.C. (2009). Nontraditional students: ‘Who are they?’ College Student Journal, 43, (4), 979-987.
Kim, K.A. (2002). ERIC review: Exploring the meaning of nontraditional at the community college. Community College Review, 30, (1), 74-90.
Kohler-Giancola, J. (2008). First-versus continuing-generation adult students on college perceptions: Are differences actually because of demographic variance? Adult Education Quarterly, 58, (3), 214-228. doi: 10.1117/0741713608314088
Olive, T
Scott, L.M. & Lewis, C.W. (2012). Nontraditional college students: Assumptions, perceptions, and directions for a meaningful academic experience. The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, 6, (4), 1-10.
Tinto, V. (1993). Leaving college: Rethinking the causes and cures of student attrition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
U.S Department of Education (2008). Community colleges: special supplement to the condition of education 2008 (NCES 2008-033). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Services, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.
Wells, R. (2008). The effects of social and cultural capital on students’ persistence: Are community colleges more meritocratic? Community College Review, 36, 1, 25-46.
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