Use examples to describe what is meant by motivation.
Motivation is an internal process that directs and maintains behavior as well as actions and can cause someone to move towards a certain goal or satisfy a need. Examples for motivation are for instance a person who is willing to spend many hours studying and doing internships during holidays, because he or she is motivated by the desire for achievement or status. A further example is the motivation of money or for example the desire to buy a new car that motivates a person to work more hours for higher pay. In contrast to that a person can also accept to have a job with lower pay but therefore with a higher meaning, because he or she is motivated by the need to find meaning in life. Creative surroundings stimulate and motivate people who work in the field of design like engineering. Siemens tries that by empowering them to improve processes as well as they are given the opportunity to learn new things and to progress within the company. Explain why Taylorism is an inappropriate theory of motivation for engineers within a modern workplace setting. Taylorism refers to methods of management developed by Frederick Winslow Taylor in early twentieth century. This theory focuses on the idea that workers are motivated mainly by pay and that the incentive in form of additional pay for additional work motivates workers and results in greater output. This system rewarded those who produced the most. The adoption of this approach to motivation leads to an improvement in productivity. However, an engineer’s job is more about thinking and designing. The creation of a product is very different from its production. Engineers need to think about new ways to do things in order to get innovations. Often money isn't the main motivator for them, but more non-monetary things like training to handle new technologies. The result, respectively the output, of the designing process may be an innovation that reduces costs of...
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