Recruitment and Retention of Academic Staff

Topics: University, Higher education, Employment Pages: 317 (114359 words) Published: November 20, 2014
R ESEARCH

Recruitment and Retention of Academic
Staff in Higher Education
Hilary Metcalf, Heather Rolfe,
Philip Stevens and Martin Weale
National Institute of Economic and Social Research

Research Report RR658

Research Report
No 658

Recruitment and Retention of Academic
Staff in Higher Education

Hilary Metcalf, Heather Rolfe,
Philip Stevens and Martin Weale
National Institute of Economic and Social Research

The views expressed in this report are the authors’ and do not necessarily reflect those of the Department for Education and Skills.
© National Institute of Economic and Social Research 2005
ISBN 1 84478 523 8

Acknowledgements
This study was only possible due to the generous support of a large number of people. We would like to thank them all. We will not name individuals, as most cannot be named for reasons of confidentiality.

In particular, our thanks go to the universities which participated in the study, those individuals who agreed and facilitated access and described their human resourcing. A special thanks goes to those individuals who helped provide us with the quantitative survey samples. In many cases, this was an onerous task and we greatly appreciate the tenacity and dedication shown. We would also like to thank the research students and academics who participated in the qualitative research for their time and trust to respond to highly personal questions. Finally, our thanks go to all the research students and academics who completed the detailed quantitative questionnaire.

CONTENTS
DETAILED CONTENTS.....................................................................................................I TABLES ....................................................................................................................... VII FIGURES ...................................................................................................................... XII REPORT SUMMARY .................................................................................................... XIII 1

INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................................1

2

PREVIOUS EVIDENCE ON RECRUITMENT AND RETENTION ISSUES IN ACADEMIA7

3

THE STRUCTURE OF ACADEMIC EMPLOYMENT IN HIGHER EDUCATION .........43

4

INTERSECTORAL AND INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS OF PAY ........................65

5

ENTRANTS TO ACADEMIC JOBS..........................................................................87

6

ACADEMIC EMPLOYMENT AND CAREERS ........................................................131

7

LEAVERS...........................................................................................................157

8

THE ROLE OF HUMAN RESOURCE POLICIES AND PRACTICES ..........................169

9

CONCLUSIONS ..................................................................................................203

BIBLIOGRAPHY ..........................................................................................................215 APPENDIX A : THE QUALITATIVE RESEARCH...........................................................223 APPENDIX B : THE STAFF AND STUDENT SURVEYS ...................................................227 APPENDIX C : HESA STAFF AND STUDENT DATA ....................................................237 APPENDIX D : NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS ..............................243 APPENDIX E : INTRA-UK EARNINGS AND UK/US ACADEMIC EARNINGS ...............249 APPENDIX F : THE LIKELIHOOD OF STUDENTS ENTERING ACADEMIA ....................255 APPENDIX G : JOB SATISFACTION AND INTENTIONS TO LEAVE ACADEMIA ............263 APPENDIX H : RECENT AND PROPOSED POLICY DEVELOPMENTS ...........................289

Detailed Contents
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ................................................................................................... I DETAILED...

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