Motivation theories

Topics: Motivation, Employment, Maslow's hierarchy of needs Pages: 5 (317 words) Published: January 4, 2015
Motivation theories
McDonalds vs Ford
By Hannah Chapman

Introduction
I am going to compare motivation theories for 2 business’s. McDonalds and ford to do this. I will show you what reward each business provide for their employees and how they differ between the Theories of motivation

• Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856 – 1917)
• Elton Mayo (1880 – 1949)
• Abraham Maslow (1908 – 1970
• Frederick Herzberg (1923)

McDonalds motivation
• Flexible working hours
• Wage rate
• Employer-employee
relationship
• Career opportunities
• Bonuses
• Fringe benefits
• Training and development
• Rewards when over
achieving set goals
• Promotion

Benefits from motivated
employees:





Job satisfaction
Higher productivity
Reduced conflict
Commitment to the
company
• Reduce complains
• Loyal employees
• Lower leaving rate

Mayo and Maslow
because they both
promote working in
teams and groups.

Ford Motivation
• Holidays - 26 days a year also bank holidays
• Pension – employees can make a pension arrangement
• Personal development – access to education opportunities and health and fitness activities using the onsite gym
• Employment development and assistance programme(EDAP) – can get up to £200 per year with non job related training
• Work life balance – female employees can get up to 52 weeks maternity leave with basic pay. They also get tax relief on childcare vouchers at the onsite childcare facility. • Car privilege scheme – you and your family members can get up to 3 cars at a discount price every 9 months.

• Relocation packaging – if you relocate they can help[ with expenses up to a fixed amount.
Taylor’s methods were widely adopted as businesses saw the benefits of increased productivity levels and lower unit costs. The most notably advocate was Henry Ford who used them to design the first ever production line, making Ford cars. This was the start of the era of mass production.

Comparison
• McDonald's and ford differ with the rewards they give to employees as they are 2 complete different business, they also differ by the way the motivate there employees. • McDonald's use Mayo and Maslow where as ford uses Taylor's theory because they work in different ways.

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