INSTITUTION: KWAME NKRUMAH UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, KUMASI DEPARTMENT: BUILDINGTECHNOLOGY
NAME: PHILIP QUAQUE AHIABOR
PROGRAMME: QSCE 4
RESEARCH TOPIC: MOTIVATION OF WORKERS IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY IN GHANA (CASE STUDY: SELECTED CONSTRUCTION FIRMS IN GREATER ACCRA REGION)
Motivation is the set of reasons that encourages one to engage in a particular behaviour. The term is generally used for human motivation but, it can be used to describe the causes for animal behaviour as well. According to various theories, motivation may be rooted in the basic need to minimize physical pain and pleasure, or it may include specific needs such as eating and resting, or a desire object, hobby, goal, state of being ideal, or it may be attributed to less apparent reasons such as altruism, morality, or avoiding mortality. Motivation can also be define as the combination of a person desire and energy directed at achieving a goal. It is the cause of action. Influencing people’s motivation means getting them to do what you know must be done (Huitt, 2004). Production has been an essential contribution to cooperate success. This is as a result of its direct translation unto cost savings and profitability. Productivity has also been a key to long-term growth and sustainable improvement and when associated with economic growth and development, generates non-inflationary increase in wages and salaries. The construction industry generally plays a vital role in national economy due to the usage of its products such as roads, buildings and dams for the production of goods and services. Enhanced productivity has a positive effect on the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the nation. In spite of the immense size and significance of the construction industry to the economies of most nations, its productivity is one of the controversial and least understood factors. In the construction industry, site workers account for 40% of direct capital cost of large cost of large construction projects and there is the need to maximize the productivity of human resources. 30% to 50% of workers time is spent directly on the work and hence there is the need for proper utilization (Thomas et al, 2004). .
1.1 PROBLEM STATEMENT
Adequate worker motivation on construction sites has been identified and this has contributed to the high employee turnover. For some years now, we have been hearing on the news of buildings collapsing and construction workers going on strikes and many more. This has actually been leading to the delay on many construction projects. Construction workers no longer work with the `passion and energy that is required of them and construction materials are stolen on some sites which are leading to a lot of problems in construction firms. All these are results of lack of motivation. How can employees be motivated to love their work and to do it with eagerness? How can they be convinced to put up their best? All lies in how well they are motivated. And there are many factors that lead to motivation of people at work. Not all people are motivated by the same thing and over time their motivation might change. It is very important for human resource management to mergewith effective motivation within the organizational hierarchy. An unsatisfactory work environment can have an adverse effect on workers motivation that tends to make minimal effort towards work thereby lowering performance. This has contributed to less productivity that has been a major problem confronting industry today which has led to the declining of productivity for the past years (Thomas et al, 2004). On the construction sites, issues that boast productivity differ from worker to worker, office to office. While some need monetary motivation others might just need citation, modern work environment and gadgets and manual or mechanical plants to work with especially in the construction industry. There is an old saying that “one can take a...
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