Motivation Concepts Table and Analysis

Topics: Motivation, Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Psychology Pages: 10 (1694 words) Published: April 20, 2015


Motivation Concepts Table and Analysis
Ruby Rodriguez
Psy/320
September 10, 2013
Ms. Barron

Theory Name
Major Theorist(s)
Time Period Created
Key Theory Concepts
Will:
Descartes
1637
The tendency to motivate all action.
The tendency to initiate and direct action.

Rand
1964
To have the intensions of to act or not.

Ruckmick
1936
To make an effort and develop the desire to act.
To resist self-denial or temptation.
Instinct
Darwin
1859-1872
The biological urges, impulses, and appetites to which the behavior is unlearned. Drive
Freud

1915
The fulfillment of the satisfaction of needs towards the behavior.

Woodworth
1918
The role of behavior was to fulfill the needs of the body.
Drive – Internal Stimulation VIA Bodily Disturbances & External VIA Quality of Incentive Clark Hull
1943, 1952
The drive to have a purely physiological basis, an ultimate basis of motivation, and could be predicted before it occurs. Equity
John Stacy Adams
1960
It is not the actual reward that motivates; it is the perception of it. Based from the effort put into something and the efforts of others. It is a comparison of the rewards received to the rewards of others.

Need

David McClelland

1961

Different needs motivate different people. Achievement: Seeks achievement, over realistic but challenging goals, and advancement in the job. There is a strong need for feedback. Affliction: form close personal relationships and interaction with other people. Power: motivated by authority, these type of people need to be influential, effective and to make an impact. “Personal status and prestige”. Hierarchy

Of needs
Abraham Maslow
1943
Categorized as self-actualization, esteem, belongingness, and safety, physiological. Power needs take priority and must be fulfilled before others. Theories includes classification of each aspect of life such as sex, food, friends, freedom, approval, education, religion etc. ERG

Existence
Relatedness
Growth

Clayton Alderfer
1969-1972
Advancement of Maslow’s hierarchy.
Existence: physiological and safety needs (lower order needs) Relatedness: intrapersonal love and esteem of others
Growth: self-actualization and self-esteem.
If one of the higher order needs is not met, person will put extra effort into a lower category need to compensate. Two Factor Theory
Frederick Herzberg
1966
Content factor: contention associated with feeling good, taking care. Context factor: surroundings or peripheral aspects of environment. Self-Determination
(Sub-theory: cognitive evaluation)
Maarten Vansteenkiste
Edward Deci
1975-2000
Competence: To seek control towards the outcome and the experience. Relatedness: Is to want to interact, to be related to, and experience the care for different individuals. Autonomy: Is the urge to be causal of one's life and act in harmony with one's integrated self There are intrinsic and extrinsic motivators.

Motivation Concept Analysis

Individuals are motivated by many factors that drive them to the need to fulfill their goals, expectations and desires. In the workplace, I have witnessed, including evaluating my own driven behaviors that acquire a driven mental philosophy, we strive to meet not only our own expectations, but also the expectation of our peers or the outside world. This way of thinking can lead to a very competitive working environment either to an agreeable or disagreeable environment. Emelander (2009) states that motivation within the workplace will rely on four distinctive motives, such as the drive to acquire and achieve expectations, drive to bond and be involved in like minded and/or desirable social groups, drive to learn and comprehend opportunities and challenges and the drive to defend yourself and that these “four drive theory is balance between and among drives so they can compliment and regulate each other”. For...

References: Emelander, S. (2009) The Four Drive Theory in the Workplace. Retrieved from http://www.articlesbase.com/human-resources-articles/the-four-drive-theory-in-the-workplace-1650121.html
Reeve, J. (2009) Understanding motivation and emotions. Week One supplements. Retrieved from University of Phoenix, PSY320-Human Motivation.
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