Motivation addresses the issues concerning the reason people do what they do. Motivational theories relate to the reasons, other than capability, that some individuals perform at a higher level than others. The purpose of this paper is to describe how achievement motivation theory would and would not be applicable if applied to two or more workplace situations drawn from personal experience.
Motivation is defined asa driving force or forces responsible for the initiation, persistence, direction, and vigor of goal-directed behavior. It includes the biological drives such as hunger, thirst, sex, and self-preservation, and also social forms of motivation such as need for achievement and need for affiliation (A Dictionary of Psychology, 2009).
Achievement motivation theory is a theory that creates a relationship connecting individual attributes, social environments, and achievement. One who possesses a strong need to achieve has a propensity to demonstrate characteristics which may include:•Considering the task as more significant than relationships• Possess an inclination to accept assignments over which they have power and accountability•A need to be personally identified with the successful conclusion of their accomplishment•Search for tasks with adequate complexity to be significantly challenging in order to exhibit capability and achieve respect from peers; at the same time are adequately simple to allow for successful accomplishment•Evade, at all costs, the possibility and consequence of failure•Anticipate positive feedback on accomplishments to make certain success is acknowledged•Seek availabilities for advancement (Encyclopedia.com, 2006).
Achievement motivation's foundation is focused on the principles of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation is an individual's inclination to perform as a result of internal factors, for example, a need to seek usefulness or to seek self-actualization. Extrinsic motivation is an individual's inclination to perform as a result of external factors such as rewards and punishments. The assurance of rewards such as a bonus for the completion of expected performance is an apparent example of extrinsic motivation (Encyclopedia.com, 2006).
Workplace Situation # 1My place of employment for nearly 6½ years is the Church of God Children's Home of NC; a residential group home for privately and Department of Social Services (DSS) placed children at risk. The Children's Home is licensed for 59 children ages four to 21, with a current population of 17children. I was first employed with the Children's Home in 1998 and left to pastor in 2003. An opportunity to return to the Children's Home as a Case Manager was presented in 2008. In January of 2009 I was reassigned as Accreditation and Public Relations Coordinator/Computer Tech/Newsletter Publisher/Website Manager.
The administrative staff of the Children's Home consists of the Executive Director, Assistant Director, Accreditation Coordinator, and two Case Managers. The accreditation Coordinator reports directly to the Executive Director while the Case Managers report to the Assistant Director. The first application of achievement motivation is applicable to the Case Managers.
How Achievement Motivation Would be ApplicableThe job requirements of the Case Managers include managing care for the children in residence, assigned to his or her case load. In addition, Case Manager are to serve as liaison between the children, the Children's Home, and DSS. One Case Manager also serves as liaison to the community and includes scheduling Christmas parties, NASCAR events which includes biannual NASCAR races in addition to other related activities involving the community. The second Case Manager, in addition to his required duties, serves as on-campus activities coordinator.
Achievement Motivation Theory is applicable to the Case Managers due to the characteristics of the Case Managers. One of the characteristics of the...
References: Dictionary of Psychology (2009). Edited by Andrew M. Colman. Oxford University Press. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Apollo Group. Retrieved August 7, 2009 from: http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t87.e5239Encyclopedia.com: (2006). Achievement motivation theory. A Dictionary of Business and Management. Retrieved August 09, 2009 from http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O18-achievementmotivationthry.html
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