External Locus of Control - Individuals with a belief that what happens to them is due to luck or chance. The belief that events in one’s life, whether good or bad, are caused by uncontrollable factors such as the environment, other people, or a higher power. Which Factors influence perception?
Attitudes Moods Motives Self-Concept Interest Cognitive Structure Expectations Perception is: A process by which individuals organize and interpret their sensory impressions in order to give meaning to their environment. Terminal Values: Prosperous Life, Exciting Life, Accomplishment, Pleasure, Equality, Friendship
What Is Important to Managers: Sense of Accomplishment, equality, and Self-Respect --According to Rokeach, Terminal_____ values refer to desirable end-states of existence. Instrumental Values: Ambitious, Broadminded, Capable, Cheerful, Clean, Honest, Responsible Hard working-broadminded, capable.
What are intrinsic factors of motivation? Internal desires to perform a particular task, people do certain activities because it gives them pleasure, develops a particular skill or its morally the right thing to do. Examples: Achievement, Recognition, Work Itself, Responsibility, Advancement, Growth. What are extrinsic factors of motivation? Factors external to the individual and unrelated to the tasks they are performing. Examples include: Policy and administration, Supervision, Relationship with supervisor, Work conditions, Salary, Relationship with peers Motivational factors are intrinsic factors, like advancement, recognition, responsibility, and achievement, that are directly related to job satisfaction. The absence of motivational factors does not cause dissatisfaction; rather, a state of neutrality. Cognitive evaluation theory
A version of self-determination theory which holds that allocating extrinsic rewards for behavior that had been previously intrinsically rewarding tends to decrease the overall level of motivation if the rewards are seen as controlling
Motivation: any internal condition, although usually an internal one, that initates, activates, or maintains an organism's goal directed behavior. Self-determination Theory : a theory of motivation that proposes that three basic, organismic needs (competence, autonomy, and relatedness) characterize intrinsic motivation. Motivation that focuses on 5 levels of needs? Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs: (low to high) Self-Actualization, Esteem Needs, Social Needs, Safety Needs, Physiological Needs. McClellands Theory of Needs: 3 NEEDS : states that workers are motivated by three needs: need for achievement, need for power, and need for affiliation. The most successful managers will have an appropriate fit between their job and their dominant need. Equity Theory: Individuals compare their job inputs and outcomes with those of others and then respond to eliminate any inequities. -a theory that attempts to explain relational satisfaction in terms of perceptions of fair/unfair distributions of resources within interpersonal relationships Goal Setting Theory: This theory states that goal setting is essentially linked to task performance. It states that specific and challenging goals along with appropriate feedback contribute to higher and better task performance. -- a theory that states that people will be motivated to the extent to which they accept specific, challenging goals and receive feedback that indicates their progress toward goal achievement. Self-efficiency and Goal commitment-- Specific and clear -- attainment of goal --According to the goal-setting theory of motivation, goals should be difficult but attainable Five Stage Group Development- Forming - Uncertainty stage Storming - Intragroup conflict
Norming - Cohesiveness, relationships develop
Performing - Fully functional
Adjourning - Wrap up, prepare to disband
Group Role: A set of expected behavior patterns attributed to someone occupying a given position in a social...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document