Motivation and Productivity in the Work

Topics: Motivation, Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Employment Pages: 15 (6858 words) Published: December 9, 2014
Motivation and Productivity in the Workplace
by Raza Ali

ABSTRACT
This paper explores the role of motivation in higher productivity. There is a general believe that man has the natural tendency to be lazy with regards to work and he is being forced by circumstances to work. According to some scientists, motivation is a need and organization is making great use of every facility in human works to achieve motivation. Productivity means the rate of power to produce, but productivity from the management or economic point of view is the ratio of what is produced to what is required to produce it. This study is therefore designed to find out the link between the extent to which various motivation strategies encourage the workers to improve their job commitment and increase their productive capacity. It is examined through the origin and evolution of related studies. On the other hand, it also offers information relative to the influences perceived and detected in these developments. This paper presents totally, a concepts based findings. These data allow us to offer an approximated picture of the motivation in higher productivity. Research suggests that individuals are motivated to perform well when the work is meaningful and individuals believe they have responsibility for the outcomes of their assigned tasks. It is recommended that, an organizational movement should be away from the current merit pay reward system to an organizational structure that promotes challenges and accomplishments, creates organizational learning opportunities, utilizes group incentives as well as individual incentives, rethinks job design, uses positive reinforcement and promotes healthy work environments.

Introduction

Employee motivation has always been a central problem for leaders and managers. Unmotivated employees are likely to spend little or no effort in their jobs, avoid the workplace as much as possible, exit the organization if given the opportunity and produce low quality work. On the other hand, employees who feel motivated to work are likely to be persistent, creative and productive, turning out high quality work that they willingly undertake. There has been a lot of research done on motivation by many scholars, but the behavior of groups of people to try to find out why it is that every employee of a company does not perform at their best has been comparatively unresearched. Many things can be said to answer this question; the reality is that every employee has different ways to become motivated. Employers need to get to know their employees very well and use different tactics to motivate each of them based on their personal wants and needs. The dictionary Webster's defines motivation as something inside people that drives them to action. This motivation varies in different people. We can also say that motivation is the willingness to work at a certain level of effort. Motivation emerges, in current theories, out of needs, values, goals, intentions, and expectation. Because motivation comes from within, managers need to cultivate and direct the motivation that their employees already have. Motivation comes from within us such as thoughts, beliefs, ambitions, and goals. The people who are most interested in motivation studies are managers of people because they may provide insights into why people perform at work as they do, and as a result provide managers with techniques to improve worker productivity.  

Statement of the Problem
There is a need for further research on motivation, therefore my goal is to reveal what it is that motivates all employees to perform at their best and achieve optimal business results at all times. The inherent problem I have identified is that many employers have attempted several different incentive programs to motivate their employees, yet they have not worked for everyone in the company. This is a major problem faced by employers these days, due to the fact that each employer's company is...
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