Motivation and Leadership

Topics: Motivation, Leadership, Maslow's hierarchy of needs Pages: 8 (1652 words) Published: January 27, 2011
Discussion Sheet
A Dictionary Definition
Function: noun 1: the office or position of a leader; 2 : capacity to lead 3 : the act or an instance of leading — Source: Merriam-Webster On-line Leadership Definition 1
"Leadership occurs when one person induces others to work toward some predetermined objectives." Leadership Definition 2
"Leadership is the ability of a superior to influence the behavior of a subordinate or group and persuade them to follow a particular course of action." — Chester Bernard Leadership Definition 3
"Leadership is the art to of influencing and directing people in such a way that will win their obedience, confidence, respect and loyal cooperation in achieving common objectives." Leadership Definition 4

"The first job of a leader is to define a vision for the organization.... Leadership Definition 5
"Managers have subordinates—leaders have followers."
Leadership Definition 6
"If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more and become more, you are a leader." Leadership Definition 7
A simple definition of leadership is that leadership is the art of motivating a group of people to act towards achieving a common goal.

Put even more simply, the leader is the inspiration and director of the action. He or she is the person in the group that possesses the combination of personality and skills that makes others want to follow his or her direction.

Definition of a Leader

A leader is "a person who influences a group of people towards the achievement of a goal". A mnemonic for this definition would be 3P's - Person, People and Purpose as illustrated by the following diagram.


Is leadership a position of office or authority? Or, is leadership an ability in the sense that he is a leader because he leads? We all may know or hear of people who are in positions of leadership but who are not providing leadership. A position of office is no guarantee of leadership but it helps in the sense that a leadership position usually commands a listening ear from its people and that is a good starting point for anyone who desires to be a leader.

A leader by its meaning is one who goes first and leads by example, so that others are motivated to follow him. This is a basic requirement. To be a leader, a person must have a deep-rooted commitment to the goal that he will strive to achieve it even if nobody follows him!


A requirement for leadership is personal vision - the ability to visualize your goal as an accomplished fact; a thing already achieved. "The very essence of leadership is that you have to have vision. You can't blow an uncertain trumpet." The next requirement is the realization that the goal cannot be achieved alone, without the help of others. Is there a natural grouping of people from whom you can elicit help? Or do you have to recruit your followers? In the latter, you face a greater challenge. But whatever the situation, the leader must integrate his (or the organization's) goal with his followers’ personal goals and then communicates this goal in such a way that they embrace it too and the goal becomes a common goal.

|[pic]The leader has to be practical and a realist, yet must talk the language of the visionary and the idealist.[pic] | |Eric Hoffer |

In communicating your goal, bear in mind that it should meet the following criteria:

Achievable ... realistic yet faith stretching
Inspiring ... challenging your people to give of their best

Measurable ... quantifiable

Shared ... declaring your conviction in and commitment to the goal People

|[pic]He who thinketh he leadeth and hath no one following him is only taking a walk.[pic] | |Anonymous...
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