FITNESS, HEALTH & SAFETY
MOTIVATION AND GOAL SETTING
In this essay I will talk about Motivation and Goal settings. Am going to analyze them in their psychological and active way, and how everyday people use them, to help them with their lives. What is really motivation? There are many definitions for motivation. Even though most of them have almost the same meaning, I will go through all of them, individually, to see all the different opinions that exist. In class we said motivation is a huge researched area in sport and increasingly in dance. Another theory for motivation says that it’s the direction and the intensity of someone’s try to do anything (Sage, 1977). Also another theory says that motivation talks about cognitions, dispositions and social variables that show up, especially when we are judged on those, and even more when we enter a competitive place or atmosphere (Roberts, 1992). My belief is that motivation is what pushes you forward to reach your goal. It’s like a second voice inside your head, saying to you, don’t give up, you are already half way there. So what really makes people motivated? Well there are 2 different factors that help people become motivated or continue being motivated. The 1st factor is called: Intrinsic motivation which has to do with individuality, meaning ourselves. For example if we enjoy what we doing, if it’s like a passion to us, or a goal to achieve or even choices and dreams that we made for the future. To be more precise there are 3 different types of intrinsic motivation to help up understand how it really works. *Knowledge: When a person joins an activity either for fun or enjoyment and at the same time he discovers something new about himself or the subject. Example: Learning a new language. *Accomplishment: A person joins an activity for pleasure but at the same time he has set up a goal to achieve and when he achieves it, he gets the satisfaction out of it. Example: Mastering a triple pirouette turn after working on it for a year. *Stimulation: When a person joins an activity because he feels that he has to do something new to get pleasant feelings like excitement and fun. Example: Feeling the danger and the excitement while doing sky diving.
In addition to that, in our class we said that there are 3 different main factors that help you stay intrinsically motivated. 1) Relatedness: Being a member of a crew, a team or a social community. 2) Competence: Train yourself every day to reach your goal. 3) Autonomy: be responsible for your actions and try to do your best. The 2nd factor is called: Extrinsic motivation which has to do with getting help from others like teachers, friends, family and even the environment. An example is when you go to the gym and you have a personal trainer. Every time you were about to quit he will be there to push you to finish your sets and reps that you have left. Again to get a better understanding for extrinsic motivation, there are 4 different types for it. Integrated regulation: It is said that this is the most developmentally advanced type of extrinsic motivation. Interested more in the valued outcome rather than interest Identified regulation: It has to do with the behaviour and how the individuals respond to the particular activity, even if they don’t enjoy doing it. Introjected regulation: describes taking on regulations to behaviour but not always as your own. External regulation: When your behaviour is completely controlled and performed because of an external demand or a possible reward. An example is when an employ is working over-time for days, hoping that his boss will see him and give him a raise. There are also different views on how motivation works. Each and every single one of us has a different view about how motivation works. Robert S. Weinberg and Daniel Gould came up with 3 different views: The trait-Centered view: also called participant view that says motivated...
Bibliography: 1. Cox, R.H. (2002), Sports Psychology : Concepts and Applicants
3. Robert S. Weinberg and Daniel Gould, (1995, 1999, 2003) Foundations of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 3rd ed
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