Motivation and Extra Teaching Allowances

Topics: Motivation, Teacher, School Pages: 9 (2343 words) Published: January 30, 2014

motivation and the performance of Private School Teachers in numancia (irao insitute): A Case Study

Chapter I

Motivation guide people‘s actions and behaviors toward achievement of some goals (Analoui, 2000).Teacher motivation has become an important issue given their responsibility to impart knowledge and skills to learners. It is argued that satisfied teachers are generally more productive and can influence students ‘achievement (Mertler, 1992). In work and other contexts therefore, motivation is often described as being ―intrinsic‖ or ―extrinsic in nature (Sansone & Harackiewicz, 2000). Intrinsic motivation, deriving from within the person or from the activity itself, positively affects behavior, performance, and well being (Ryan & Deci, 2000). Extrinsic motivation on the other hand, results from the attainment of externally administered rewards, including pay, material possessions, prestige, and positive evaluations among others. In contrast to extrinsic motivation, intrinsic motivation is said to exist when behavior is performed for its own sake rather than to obtain material or social reinforcers. The concept of intrinsic motivation was an important challenge to behaviorism, and has roots in White‘s (1959) competence motivation. Maslow (1943) and Alderfer (1969) addressed similar needs. In this study, intrinsic motivation of teachers was measured in terms of job satisfaction derived from teaching, enjoyment of teaching, the challenging and competitive nature of teaching, recognition, career achievement and , control over others. Extrinsic motivation of teachers on the other hand, was measured in terms of externally administered rewards like salary, weekly duty and extra teaching allowances, advance payments in case of financial problems, leave of absence and free medical care among others. Teachers‘job performance is a concern of everybody in the society. Oxford Advanced Learner‘s Dictionary defines performance as ―the act or process of carrying out something or execution of an action or a repetitive act or fulfillment or implementation‖ (Hornby, 2000). In this respect, teacher performance connotes the teachers‘role of teaching students in class and outside the class. The key aspects of teaching involve the use of instructional materials, teaching methods, regular assessment of students, making lesson plans, assessment of pupils, conduct of fieldwork, teachers‘participation in sports, attending school assembly and guidance and counseling. Therefore, teacher job performance is the teacher‘s ability to integrate the experience, teaching methods, instructional materials, knowledge and skills in delivering subject matter to students in and outside the classroom. Teacher performance in this study was measured by regular and early reporting at school, participation in extra-curricular activities, supervision of school activities, adequate teaching preparation (schemes of work, lesson plans), marking and general punctuality among others.

II. Objectives of the Study

General Objectives of the Study

To find out the effects of motivation on the performance of private school teachers in Irao Institute.

Specific Objectives

1. To find out the effect of motivation on teachers morale to perform. 2. To find out the effect of intrinsic motivation on the performance of teachers. 3. To find out the effect of extrinsic motivation on the performance of teachers.

Scope of the Study

The study was carried out in private school in Numancia. The school was selected for study because of the problems encountered of the researcher during her stay in Irao Institute.

Regarding its content scope, the study investigated whether motivation of teachers affected their morale to perform as well as the effect of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation on the performance of teachers. Indicators of intrinsic motivation assessed by the study included job satisfaction of derived from...

References: Vroom, V (1964). Work and motivation. In H.J Chruden Sherman Jr. (pp. 272)
Wayne F. C. (1998). Managing Human Resources: Productivity Quality of work life and profit. New York, Mc Grain Hill. (5th Ed.)
Maslow, A.H. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50, 370-396.
Tellis W. (1997). Introduction to Case Study. The Qualitative Report, Volume 3, (2), Retrieved 10, April 2004, from
British Educational Communications and Technology Agency (BECTA.(2004). What the research says above ICT and motivation Retrieved 10,April 2004, from
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