Motivation and Emotion
The process by which activities are started, directed, and continued so that physical or psychological needs or wants are met. Came from the Latin word “movere” which means “to move” Two Kinds of Motivation
1. Intrinsic Motivation – occurs when people act because the act itself is satisfying or rewarding (e.g. charity). 2. Extrinsic Motivation – occurs when people receive an external reward for the act (e.g. money). Approaches to Motivation
1. Instinct Approach – proposes that some human actions may be motivated by instincts (e.g. motherly instinct, survival instinct). 2. Drive –reduction Approach – when an organism has a need, the need leads to psychological tension that motivates the organism to act; fulfilling the need and reducing the tension (e.g. sleep). 3. Arousal Approach – a person has an optimal level of arousal to maintain (sensation seekers). 4. Incentive Approach – an external stimulus may be so rewarding that it motivates a person to act toward that stimulus rather than another stimulus or to satisfy a drive Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs (Abraham Maslow)
Self Determination Theory (Edward Deci & Richard Ryan)
Biological Basis of Hunger
Lateral Hypothalamus – gives off the biological feeling of hunger. Ventromedial Hypothalamus – causes a person to feel full.
Digestive System – the stomach and intestines send nerve and impulses to the brain to recognize that they are already full. Glucose – it is what food is converted to; also called blood sugar; if the glucose is low, it increases a person’s hunger, if it is high, it decreases it. What motivates you to eat?
the most common reason why people eat is due to stress and problems, other reasons may be of culture and tradition since other foods which are not considered edible in one country is considered a delicacy in another (such as insects). Eating Disorders
group of condition defined by abnormal eating habits that may involve either insufficient or...
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