Topics: Motivation, English language, Language acquisition Pages: 11 (2566 words) Published: January 22, 2015

Name: Salka Sehrish
Class: BS-Part-ii
Roll no: 171
Department: English

“Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is always to try just one more time” Thomas A. Edison Motivation:
Motivation is a theoretical construct, used to explain behavior. It is the scientific word used to represent the reasons for our actions, our desires, our needs, etc. Motives are hypothetical constructs, used to explain why people do what they do. A motive is what prompts a person to act in a certain way or at least develop an inclination for specific behavior. For example, when someone eats food to satisfy the need of hunger, or when a student does his/her work in school because they want a good grade. Both show a similar connection between what we do and why we do it. According to Maehr and Meyer, "Motivation is a word that is part of the popular culture as few other psychological concepts are" Meaning and different kinds of motivation:

Mcgroarty (2002: 69-89) writes that motivation for L2 learning is created from people. She suggests that motivation also can come from the different Surroundings and the environment of schools and the places where the teaching takes place. She also says that it can be good for the motivation of learning a second Language to have different kinds of groups that work together. She suggests that it is Important that learners see the things they learn as meaningful, that they have some level of choices and that it is something that they need to work for to master. People that are driven by an inner motivation do things because they think that what they do is interesting, entertaining or challenging Deci & Ryan (1985). Those who are driven by inner motivation do things for their own self satisfaction. For these people learning is about learning something new and not about gaining some kind of reward Covington (2000). People that are driven by an outer motivation are motivated by having a grade, recognition or other rewards. An outer motivation can be there because the individual wants to avoid some negative consequence. The researchers of motivation, Ames & Archer (1988) mention the importance of that learning is taking place for the person’s own sake, that there is an inner motivation. The inner motivation is important to reach the best effect upon the learning of different situations. The researchers say that those who have inner motivation often uses more advanced ways of studying than those who have a motivation that comes from outer rewards such as grades. Types:

Motivation can be divided into two types: intrinsic (internal) motivation and extrinsic (external) motivation. Intrinsic Motivation:
Intrinsic motivation is the self-desire to seek out new things and new challenges, to analyze one's capacity, to observe and to gain knowledge. It is driven by an interest or enjoyment in the task itself, and exists within the individual rather than relying on external pressures or a desire for reward. Intrinsic motivation is a natural motivational tendency and is a critical element in cognitive, social, and physical development. Students who are intrinsically motivated are more likely to engage in the task willingly as well as work to improve their skills, which will increase their capabilities Students are likely to be intrinsically motivated if they:

Extrinsic motivation:
Extrinsic motivation refers to the performance of an activity in order to attain a desired outcome and it is the opposite of intrinsic motivation.[8] Extrinsic motivation comes from influences outside of the individual. Common extrinsic motivations are rewards (for example money or grades) for showing the desired behavior, and the threat of punishment following misbehavior. Competition is in an extrinsic motivator because it encourages the performer to win and to beat...
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