University of Oklahoma
With having to manage time, making sure assignments get in on time and staying current on class discussions, studying online can become challenging. That is why when a student achieves in their classes, they tend to feel pretty good about themselves. Sometimes this pushes the student to achieve higher goals within their schooling, such as making the honor roll, or carrying a certain GPA. But what gets an individual going and starting to work at these goals? Motivation! Motivation is defined as “the act or an instance of motivating, or providing with a reason to act in a certain way” (Motivation, 2013) When an individual sets a goal, the individual needs to have the initiative to motivate their selves to tackle their own goal to its fullest. This is known as self-determination theory. Self- determination is defined as by “determination by oneself or itself, without outside influence.” (Self-determination, 2013) Motivation is a universal need that every individual actually has, just people don’t think about it while they are working towards a wanted activity. Motivation is actually one of the underlying attributes to making our world we live in, go round. Without motivation, we wouldn’t have anything that we overlook as necessity to us. Our world would be stuck in the caveman years and we would still be trying to figure out how to start the fire at night to keep warm. It is unfortunate that many individuals don’t think about this, and take things for granted. Something that some individuals take for granted is the chance to go to college and be successful while taking classes. While partying and staying in sorority or fraternity homes seems like the life any college student dreams. But for some individuals that work a full time job and maybe have children, this type of life is a past dream. These types of individuals are looking for a way to go to school while not dropping obligations they already have and where they do not have to attend at set times of the day. College’s around the United States has heard these cries for decades, and has now changed the idea of going to school. Now not only are online classes offered, but so are online degrees. With these changes colleges have provided, it is now up to the student on how motivated they are to get the schooling they desire. With online classes, individuals should possess several characteristics among several motivation theories and time management skills. Without these characteristics, individuals can lose focus and not receive the grades they wished for. An online journal by Sheng-Chau Tseng and Chin-Chung Tsai states Students with motivation to learn about a topic would tend to engage and enhance more in their learning activities (Zimmerman, 2000). Their motivation varies not only in different levels (i.e., how much motivation), but also in different orientations (i.e., intrinsic or extrinsic). As an example, a student can be highly motivated to do homework out of curiosity and interest or, alternatively, he or she wants to get the approval of teachers or parents. (Tseng and Tsai, 2010) “Although motivation is essential to learning no matter the context, it is particularly critical when learning online, where whether students engage the material, how, and how long, is entirely within their control (e.g., Sansone et al.2002).” Motivation also serves as an inner need that is met for the student when they are doing well. Having the satisfaction knowing that something was accomplished because of their actions will make any individual feel good about themselves. Students need that feeling inside to be able to recognize they can do online schooling and to keep attending, this is a form of self-efficacy. Self-efficacy is defined as an individual’s belief in their own ability to obtain a goal or task they have set out to do. The idea of self-efficacy comes from Albert Bandura with the social cognitive theory which focuses on...
References: Cameron, J. (2001). Negative Effects of Reward on Intrinsic Motivation--A Limited Phenomenon: Comment on Deci, Koestner, and Ryan (2001). Review Of Educational Research, 71(1), 29.
Lohr, S. (2009, August 19). Study finds that online education beats the classroom. Retrieved from http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/08/19/study-finds-that-online-education-beats-the-classroom/?_r=0
What factors affect a student 's self-efficacy?. (2013, December 13). Retrieved from 12.http://www.washington.edu/doit/Stem/articles?504
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