International Business and Economics Program
- Motivation among employees in multinational
Human Resource Management;
Kristina Trifunovska, Robin Trifunovski
Motivation is the number one problem facing businesses today. It is essential for employers to recognize what motivates employees in order to improve productivity and ensure the success of the company (Wiley, 1997). Even though employee motivation is a well researched topic, most studies have particularly focused on small domestic companies. Opportunities within MNCs and small companies are significantly different. Qualitative methods in the field of management is very limited, which the article by Cassell, Symon, Buehring and Johnson (2006) supports.
The purpose of this dissertation is to explore what motivates employees to work. Focus will be on employees working in multinational corporations in Sweden. In order to do so, we aim to identify key factors which have an impact on motivation at work. This study will contribute with a framework of motivational factors in a organization. It will also give an insight in employees’ attitudes towards motivation and what motivation means to them.
Methodology: This thesis will use a qualitative method. The study is based on an interpretivistic philosophy with an abductive research approach. In order to answer our research question, primary data is collected through interviews with a number of employees from multinational companies in Sweden. This research strategy enables us to make investigations about work motivation. Conclusions: After analyzing the motivational factors in our study, we can make the conclusion that motivation is highly personal and differs from individual to individual. Work motivation is also not consistent over time, meaning, the factor which motivates an individual today will most likely not be the same motivational factor a year from now. It is clear that personal circumstances will have an impact on employee motivation. Results reveal that employees who are in the same profession are similarly motivated and satisfied in their work.
Employee motivation, multinational corporations, motivational factors. 2
Three years have past since we first started at the University of Kristianstad and now the journey has come to an end. Our bachelor dissertation about motivation completes our studies at the University of Kristianstad; we have learned a lot during this journey and we are very pleased with the outcome of it.
We would like to thank our tutor Agneta Moulettes, for her support and feedback on our thoughts and also thank Annika Fjellkner, for correcting and discussing the English language with us. We would also like to show our gratitude to all the interviewees at Alfa Laval Lund AB and SWECO Environment AB, who were kind enough to share their time and ideas with us during the interviews.
Finally, thanks to our family and friends for all the support and understanding during these fifteen weeks writing our bachelor thesis.
Kristianstad, June 2010
Table of contents
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