McGregor’s two factor theory
Compare two theories of motivation and analyze how relevant each one is in the modern workplace.
McGregor’s two theory factors
This essay will focus on McGregor’s theory X and theory Y. Firstly; I will compare these two theories and discuss how they can be applied in real companies and organisations. Theory Y is largely relevant to modern companies, as mangers expect that employees should already be motivated in what they do before they apply for the job. Motivation can be described “as a force inside of us that can influence us to achieve a desired goal” (Romando, 2010). As reported by McGregor’s theory X, (1960) he assumes that in most modern organisations managers believe that employees are naturally lazy, and will overlook work if they can and that they intrinsically dislike work (Schermerhorn, 2010). As a result of this, management believes that employees need to be over watched and complete systems of control should be developed. In agreement with this theory, employees will show little ambition without motivational programmes and will try to avoid responsibility whenever they can. In addition to this, McGregor further emphasised that theory X managers believe that employees do not really want to work, as managers feel that the only purpose of the employee's interest is in the money (businessballs, 2010). In contrast to this, employees avoid responsibility within their job; McGregor stated that it is the manager's job to structure the work and to motivate employees. McGregor’s theory Y illustrates that employees are self-motivated as it is believed that employees enjoy their work duties as their occupation, and they believe that it is as natural as play. A theory Y manager is also liable to believe that with good conditions, most people will want to do well at work in order to help them achieve the organisational objectives, without facing the threat of punishment. Theory Y workers consider that the...
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