This is how Buchanan defines motivation.
‘Motivation is a decision-making process, through which the individual chooses the desired outcomes and sets in motion the behaviour appropriate to them’ Buchanan, D. & Huczynski, A. (2004) Organizational Behaviour An Introductory Text, 5th Ed
Motivation is a desire to achieve a goal, combined with the energy to work towards that goal. Employees who are motivated have a desire to complete the requirements of the task at hand. Motivation is a key element in any business sector as it is very important to keep the employees well-motivated. As highly motivated employees will work harder and are more likely to produce a higher quality of work and are less liable to take time off. When more feedback and suggestions are given to the employees there are greater improvements made and well-motivated workers take more ownership of their work. Motivation usually stems from a relationship with job satisfaction because when an employee is content within their place of work this will be reflected in their work. ‘Job satisfaction is more of an attitude, an internal state. It could, for example, be associated with a personal feeling of achievement’ (Mullins 2008) Job satisfaction are effected by a wide range of factors such as individual factors, social factors, cultural factors as some cultures have a slacked approach to work and some cultures have attitudes with working with different genders. Also affected by job satisfaction is an environmental factor this is because there are many different legislations that have to be followed for each different job. There are also many factors that can have a negative effect on job satisfaction such as frustration and alienation at work, supervision and stress at work. In order to ensure job satisfaction and reduce work related stress employers should deliberately design jobs that are constantly changing to stimulate and focus the employees they should also assign jobs that...
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