Methods of Motivation

Topics: Motivation, Maslow's hierarchy of needs, 20th century Pages: 2 (368 words) Published: April 28, 2009
Methods of Motivation, Yesterday and Today1
Author: Brian C. Young1
Student: Manisha Wattal1
Subject : HRM 6011
Prof: Nathan Himelstein1
Table of Contents1
Employee Selection2
High Organizational Expectation2
Motivation Theories of the Early and Mid Nineteenth Century3 Ivan Pavlov3
Abraham Maslow3
A Look at a More Recent Theory4
Comparison Between the Two Generations5

This articles talks about motivation, factors influencing motivation and how they need to be addressed. How a manager motivates their employees either by using the older mid twentieth century theories like Maslow, McClelland etc or, theories based on more modern research. In this article we will glance at the traditional theories from the early to mid twentieth century and will compare the two generation s of theories. Motivation Definition

Motivation can be defined in a variety of ways that determines one to engage in a particular behavior. This article refers to human motivation. According to various theories, motivation may be rooted in the basic need to minimize physical pain and maximize pleasure. In short motivation can be defined as “forces within an individual that account for the level, direction and persistence of efforts expended at work “according to Schermerhon, et al. Methods for Managers to Gauge Motivation probability

Employee Selection
For any business to be successful it’s crucial that the employee should be motivated. The effort of the manager to motivate an employee is reduced if the employee is self motivated from within. There is a colossal barrier to only hiring those that are self-motivated. With the legal restraints today in regard to discrimination, managers often give up trying to make “good” hiring decisions for fear of discriminating illegally. Therefore, most managers have become solely reliant on intuition during the hiring process. High Organizational Expectation

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