Motivation known as internal condition which derives from desire and needs. About the motivation Stephen P Robbins says, “The willingness to exert high levels of effort towards organizational goals, conditional by the effort ability to satisfy some individual needs.”
Another theory about motivation Fred Luthans said in 1986, “a process that starts with a physiological or psychological deficiency or need that activates behaviour or a drive that is aimed at a goal or incentive.”
Objective of Motivation:
In this chapter we have define some objective for motivation that are:
Process of Motivation
Theories of Motivation
Now, we will discuss about process of motivation. Motivation derives from needs and desire and it satisfy our goal and relief.
Needs: It is want or desire in normal words. Needs can be also defined as primary or secondary, depends upon situation.
In the theories of “Motivation” we 1st study about Maslow Hierarchy of Needs theory which was proposed by Abraham Maslow. The theory known as “Hierarchy of need theory” also.
Abraham Maslow defines his theory into five levels which are:
Maslow defines these needs in a arranged way that is why its name is Hierarchy of need theory. It has been arranged by importance of hierarchical manner.
In the Motivation Tools we include some motivating factors which can be:
Personal Loyalty to Employees
Good Working Conditions
Promotion and Growth in a Firm
Feeling of being in on things
Full Appreciation of work done etc.
These can be motivation tools by which we can motivate a people, in a organization an employee, working environment and our surroundings also.
Types of Motivation:
Here we can discuss about types of motivation which we can use to motivate a people who is related to us. There are some motivation types:
Attitude Motivation etc.
These are type of motivation which let us know about motivation situation.
Motivation is a part of OB (Organisation Behaviour). Motivation change and modified OB also. In the Organisation Behavour change known as MBO (Management by Objectives).
As a Motivation tools MBO is a systematic and organized approach and it allows management to focus about achievable goals and resources.
Objectives of MBO:
In the Objective of MBO we can read by MBA book these:
And Time Limited
All these explore the MBO objectives and let us MBA students about motivation which is the part of MBO.
To change or modified employees behaviour we arrange team training and employee involvement which let us know about employees behaviour modification.
Another theory about “Motivation” comes from Hertzbeg. Hertzberg gives “two-factor theory”. The theory is known as motivation-hygiene theory also. It was developed by Hertzberg in 1959.
Hertzberg develop his theory as Hygiene Factors or Extrinsic factor and another is Motivator factors or Intrinsic factor.
In the Hygiene factors there are some examples which deal:
In the Intrinsic factor these involves:
Growth and Advancement
All these factors let to know us about the motivation factors which are based on two-factor theory.
After some time criticism of Hertzberg Two-Factor Theory came in light because in the theory there are some errors which was founded by R.J House and L.A Wigdor. The errors of two-factor theory were:
Two-Factor theory is based on limited methodology....
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