Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory
Abraham Maslow introduced a very simple way of understanding the needs of a person. The Hierarchy of Needs sorts the needs of the lowest and most basic levels to the higher levels. Maslow then arises within their theory of personality, the concept of hierarchy of needs, which needs are structurally organized with varying degrees of power, according to a biological determination given by our genetic makeup as the agency human species. The hierarchy is organized so that the deficit needs are in the lower parts, while development needs are in the highest parts of the hierarchy; thus, in the order given by the power and priority, we find the deficit needs, which would be the physiological needs, safety needs, needs of love and belonging, esteem needs; and development needs, what the needs of self-actualization and transcendence needs be. Within this structure, when the needs of one level are met, a state of apathy does not occur, but the focus becomes occupied by the needs of the next level and is located on the site of the next higher hierarchy, and it is these needs that is being sought. Maslow's theory suggests that the lower needs are a priority, and therefore, more powerful than the higher needs in the hierarchy; Only when the person fails to satisfy the lower needs - even if it does so on, gradually enter their knowledge higher needs, and that the motivation to meet them; as the positive trend takes more important, a greater degree of psychological health and a move towards full humanization is experienced. For Maslow, the human would become fully accepting the satisfaction of the needs identified by our biological base, which would, after satisfying the trends that unite us with the rest of humanity, the idiosyncratic discover what distinguishes us from the rest human beings, discover your own tastes, talents determined by our inheritance concretizarlos - develop them - based on hard work; in Maslow's words: ... the way we're different from other people also discover in this very personal search for identity... 1 (Frick, 1973, p.34) 1 1. Frick, Willard B. (1973): Humanistic psychology. Buenos Aires: Guadalupe
Keywords: self-actualization1, transcendence2, humanistic psychology3. Self-actualization 1 According to humanistic theory, the realizing of one's full potential; can include creative expression, quest for spiritual enlightenment, pursuit of knowledge, or the desire to give to society.
Transcendence 2 superior excellence; supereminence.
Humanistic psychology 3 A psychological perspective which rose to prominence in the mid-20th century in response to psychoanalytic theory and behaviorism; this approach emphasizes an individual's inherent drive towards self-actualization and creativity
Theory of Human Motivation.
The "Theory of Human Motivation", proposes a hierarchy of needs and factors that motivate people; this hierarchy is modeled by identifying five categories of needs and is built considering a hierarchical ascending order according to their importance for survival and motivational skills. According to this model, half man meets their other needs arise that change or modify the behavior of the same; considering that only when a need is "reasonably" satisfied, will trigger a new need. The five categories of needs are: physiological, safety, love and belonging, esteem and self-actualization; physiological requirements being the lowest level. Maslow also distinguishes these needs "deficit" (physiological, safety, love and belonging, esteem) and "development of self" (self-realization). The distinct difference between the two is that the "deficit" refer to a lack, while the "development of self" refer to the work of the individual.
Without being exhaustive, the characterization of the hierarchy of needs proposed by Maslow is:
Physiological needs: are of biological origin and are...
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