job satisfaction and motivation

Topics: Motivation, Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Job satisfaction Pages: 9 (4603 words) Published: October 31, 2014
European Journal of Business and Social Sciences, Vol. 3, No.2 , pp 94-102, May 2014. URL: http:/ / www.ejbss.com/ recent.aspx
ISSN: 2235 -767X

P.P. 94 - 102

JOB SATISFACTION AND MOTIVATION:
WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENCE AMONG THESE TWO?
Tan Shen Kian
Email: shenkian@yahoo.com

Wan Fauziah Wan Yusoff
Faculty of Technology Management and Business
University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
Email: fauziahy@uthm.edu.my

Sivan Rajah
Faculty of Technical and Vocational Education
University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
Email: schruti06@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

M

otivation and Job Satisfaction as the most discussed
topic
in
Organizational
behaviour
have
accumulated huge numbers of empirical researches
over years. Both these two factors have been proven as main
contribution factors towards effectiveness and efficiency of business organizations. Although most of empirical researches have concluded their finding with positive relationships between Motivation and Job Satisfaction, as well as complement

relationship between Motivation and Job Satisfaction towards other organizational variables. However, conclusion cannot
simply draw that Job Satisfaction equal to Motivation or vice versa. As such, this article literally declares separate treatments for the two Motivation and Job Satisfaction so that factors under these two categories of studies that may affect organizational variable can be more identifiable.

Key Words – Job Satisfaction, Motivation, Content Theory,
Process Theory, Affective Job Satisfaction, Cognitive Job
Satisfaction

E U R OP E AN JOU R N AL OF B U S INE S S AN D S OCIAL S CIE N CE S

94

European Journal of Business and Social Sciences, Vol. 3, No.2 , pp 94-102, May 2014. URL: http:/ / www.ejbss.com/ recent.aspx
ISSN: 2235 -767X

P.P. 94 - 102

Introduction
The study of Organizational Behaviour always start with clear definition as consciously coordinated social unit composed of two or more people that functions on a relatively continuous basis to achieve a common goal or set of goals. As it, individuals’ attitudes and behaviour within organizations mostly decide success or failure on overall performance. Among variety of organizational success factors resulted from individual attitudes and behaviour introduced by various researchers, Job Satisfaction and Motivation were found as the most discussed topic. Further studies on these two factors have contributed in-depth definitions and empirical evidences in enhancing its practicability. However, due to its similar factors of input, high correlations and complement role between each other, these two organizations’ success factors have becoming ambiguous. Furthermore, since most of the Motivation theories are developed based on the idea of Job Satisfactions as well as high appearance of Job Satisfaction in most of Motivation theories, distinction between Job Satisfaction and Motivation may be mistakenly taken as unanimous in terms of its meanings and purpose.

It is important for corporates and graduates to understand that Motivation and Job Satisfaction are different to each other. These two organizational factors are contributing to different aspects of employees’ psychology and physiology operations, for example, directions of effects towards individuals’ attitudes and behaviour resulted from a same influence factor. Following part will further explain the similarities and differences between Job Satisfaction and Motivation.

Literature Review
Motivation
The term motivation has being discussed and conceptualized by various researchers. In early years Whiseand and Rush (1988) explained motivation as the willingness of an individual to do something and conditioned by actions to satisfy needs. Later Wregner and Miller (2003) described motivation as something that energized individuals to take action and which is concerned with the choices the individual makes as part of his or her goal-oriented behaviour. Following the recent definition...

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