Intrinsic vs Extrinsic Motivation Styles

Topics: Motivation, Reward system, Educational psychology Pages: 3 (678 words) Published: January 12, 2012
Motivation: Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic
Motivation is an inner drive or state that stimulates the individual in a particular direction or keeps them engaged in a certain activity. Motivation determines whether the person continues with the task at hand or not. There are two types of motivation; intrinsic and extrinsic. Intrinsically motivated individuals hold learning various types of course information in high regard without receiving any reward or reinforcement. In contrast, extrinsically motivated people depend solely on the rewards that come with a job well done. The reward is normally used as a catalyst for the motivation (Lei 153).

Motivation: Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic
Motivation: Intrinsic Vs. Extrinsic
Intrinsically motivated individuals take action based on the internal reward and self- satisfaction they receive from the act. External rewards and reinforcements are not typically the driving force to motivate this type of individual. Intrinsically motivated people do things simply for the enjoyment of doing them. In contrast, extrinsic motivation involves receiving something from an external source as a reward or reinforcement for a job well done. The reward is the motivation to complete the task.

An intrinsically motivated individual holds many advantages over an extrinsically motivated person. An intrinsically motivated person takes action or completes the task to achieve the internal reward, not for any external reinforcement or reward. This type of individual works on tasks because they find them enjoyable and partaking in the task itself is the reward. The Journal of Instructional Psychology reports that students that are intrinsically motivated involve themselves in activities that enhance learning, attend to instruction, aggressively participate in discussion, organize knowledge and apply it to what they already know and in different contexts. They also report that these students are more likely to pursue tasks...

References: Ingram, D. (2010, June). The Advantages of Intrinsic & Extrinsic Motivation. Retrieved from
Lei, S. (2008). Intrinsic & Extrinsic Motivation: Evaluating Benefits & Drawbacks from College Instructors Perspectives. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 37(2), 153-160.
Saleh, S.D., & Hyde, J. (1969). Intrinsic vs Extrinsic: Orientation and Job Satisfaction. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 43(1), 47-53.
Sansone, C. & Harackiewicz, J. (2000). Intrinsic & Extrinsic Motivation: The Search for Optimal Motivation and Performance. Salt Lake City, Utah: Academic Press.
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