Hierarchy Explains Motivation

Topics: Motivation, Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Psychology Pages: 2 (733 words) Published: July 22, 2013
Discuss some of the different perspectives on motivation, and explain which perspective you find most compelling, and why. Using the perspective you found most compelling, describe how managers might utilize that perspective to motivate workers where you work or an organization with which you are familiar. Motivation has been studied and analyzed and thus many theories address its role in the organizational structure. The main perspective on motivation or the willingness to perform are lumped in two types of theories the content and the process. Motivation itself has three components, direction (what option in picked when presented with options), intensity (the effort and strength of the persons choice in the direction component) and Persistence (the length of commitment to that effort and response). Many theories address motivation and the best accepted ones are placed in two categories, content and process. The content address motivation through the person, the individual, and the factors that make them perform the behavior of stop behaving in a certain way. Content deals with the inferred factors that energize and direct behavior. Here Maslow’s Need hierarchy explains motivation as coming from 5 levels of need that start out with Physiological needs and end with self actualization. Maslow’s assumed that needs once satisfied no longer motivate and so the person moves to the next need. Alderfer's ERG theory only takes into consideration 3 levels, existence, relatedness and growth. ERG is similar to Maslow but differs in that Maslow thought that needs not satisfied in the hierarchy would stop a person from moving to the next need since the pervious is not satisfied, but ERG adds that ever more than that satisfaction-progression, a person can revert back to satisfy a lower need if a high need is not adequately satisfied. Also under content we have the Herzberg two factor theory. Motivators or intrinsic factors like achievement, recognition and responsibility make...
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