Thursday, October 31, 2013
Extrinsic Motivation Motivates
Extrinsic motivation is when there is an outside force that is pushing a person or character in this case to make a decision based on outside influence. This can either be good or bad. In the play Macbeth by William Shakespeare and the short story Shooting an Elephant by George Orwell extrinsic motivation is quite apparent. The characters of Macbeth and the police officer are both affected by this external force which inhibits their decision making thus affecting their story. Macbeth is convinced time and time again to do things which he does not choose for himself, along with the officer who is motivated to shoot and elephant which he made the decision not to but is later convinced of doing anyways because of extrinsic motivation. In both the play and the story extrinsic motivation forces the characters to make a decision. At the beginning of the play Macbeth is forced by his wife to kill Duncan. Lady Macbeth is the external force on Macbeth. “When you durst do it, then you were a man” (1.7.56) Lady Macbeth motivates Macbeth by making him feel less of a man. This extrinsic force makes Macbeth want to kill Duncan. In the same way the police officer in Shooting an Elephant is asked extrinsically to go and do something about the elephant “at a police station…said..Would I please come and do something about it?” (Paragraph 3) The external force here is the other officers asking him to make a decision when he clear would rather not. Macbeth is also continually nagged by Lady Macbeth to make a decision. “But screw your courage to sticking place and we’ll not fail.” (1.7.70-71) This line which Lady Macbeth utters is a way of her getting Macbeth to do the action. So again she is the external motivation. This is a very clear example of how external motivation motivates these characters to make a decision. Another example of how extrinsic motivation motivates the character of the officer to make a...
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