EXPECTANCY THEORY OF MOTIVATION
AT USE IN THE WORKPLACE
Leadership Concepts and Applications
March 30, 2012
What is Motivation? Motivation is a word popularly used to explain why people behave as they do. Some psychologists and scientists view motivation as the factor that determines behavior, as expressed in the phrase “all behavior is motivated” (World Book, 1992). Some scientists view motivation as the factor that energizes behavior. According to this viewpoint, motivation provides the energy in behavior, while habits, abilities, and skills give direction. or in the case of this task, guidance to what to do. The Expectancy Theory of Motivation is constantly at work in any organization that has employees. Most employees come to work because they get paid, doesn’t matter if they enjoy the type of work they are doing. Enjoying the work is another benefit all together. Employees generally make choices from the opportunities that are available and the probability of realizing valuable outcomes. This mindset helps determine how much energy and enthusiasm an employee is going to use in achieving these goals. This should be the same for this company even though a new production process has been implemented. The three key components and relationships in the expectancy theory of motivation are expectancy, instrumentality, and valence, remain the same.
Expectancy (Effort-Performance Relationship) is the perceived probability of success. It refers to the degree, to which a person believes that their efforts will lead to the completion of a task. The perception of that individual is that the effort that they put forward will actually result in the accomplishment of the preferred performance. Expectancy is heavily weighted by an employee’s personality, past experiences and self-confidence. Some of the employees have said they cannot be successful with that process because it requires more hand dexterity than they believe they are...
References: Porter, L. W., & Lawler, E. E. 1988. Managerial Attitudes and Performance. Retrieved March 30, 2012
Vroom, Victor. (2009). Expectancy Theory of Motivation. Retrieved March 27, 2012 from
"Valence-Instrumentality-Expectancy Theory." A Dictionary of Business and Management. 2006.
Retrieved March 31, 2012 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O18vlncnstrmntltyxpctncythry.html
World Book Encyclopedia. (Volume 13, pg. 721) (1975). s.v. "Motivation." Field Enterprise Educational
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