CHAPTER 10 MOTIVATION AND EMOTION EXAMMultiple

Topics: Motivation, Emotion, James-Lange theory Pages: 6 (1792 words) Published: November 11, 2014
CHAPTER 10 - MOTIVATION AND EMOTION - EXAM
Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____

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1. When you are engaging in goal-directed behavior, you may be best described as experiencing a. emotion
b. motivation
c. an incentive
d. drive reduction
2. An internal state of tension that motivates an organism to engage in activities that should reduce this tension defines
a. motive
b. incentive
c. emotion
d. drive
3. According to drive theory of motivation, if you drink water when you are thirsty, drinking results in a. need reduction and restores physiological equilibrium
b. drive reduction and restores physiological equilibrium
c. need production and serves as an incentive
d. drive production and serves as an incentive
4. An external goal that has the capacity to motivate behavior is a. an incentive
b. a drive
c. a motive
d. a need
5. A bonus of $100.00 for completing a work assignment before a deadline is an example of a. a reward
b. an incentive
c. drive reduction
d. a motive
6. Animals with a surgically destroyed lateral hypothalamus show a. excessive thirst and consumption of water
b. little or no interest in eating and weight loss
c. excessive overeating and weight gain
d. little or no interest in sex
7. If, after brain damage suffered in a car accident, a person gained 50 pounds in two months you would most likely suspect damage to the
a. lateral hypothalamus
b. dorsal hypothalamus
c. glucostats
d. ventromedial hypothalamus
8. William, a subject in a psychology experiment, just received an injection that raised his blood glucose level. William is most likely to report
a. he feels hungry
b. he feels happy
c. he does not feel hungry
d. he feels angry

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9. The hormone produced by fat cells that tends to diminish feelings of hunger when at high levels is a. glucose
b. leptin
c. adrenalin
d. insulin
10. Environmental factors associated with the regulation of hunger and eating behavior include all of the following except
a. classical conditioning and observational learning
b. a "rumbling" stomach
c. the tastiness of available food
d. how much time has passed since a person's last meal
11. Which of the following measures do many experts today prefer to use to assess obesity? a. body mass index (BMI)
b. weight
c. percent body fat
d. weight/height
12. Which pair of individuals would be expected to be most similar in body mass index? a. an adopted child and the adoptive parent
b. two identical twins reared apart
c. a husband and wife
d. two fraternal twins reared together
13. Kathy has lost 25 pounds recently through dieting. According to ____ she will have difficulty keeping the weight off because her metabolism will have decreased in order to maintain the fat stores in her body. a. settling-point theory

b. set-point theory
c. dietary restraint theory
d. evolutionary theory
14. The theory that proposes that weight tends to drift around the level at which the constellation of factors that determine food consumption and energy expenditure achieve an equilibrium is a. dietary restraint theory

b. settling-point theory
c. set-point theory
d. drive-reduction theory
15. The need to master difficult challenges, to outperform others, and to meet high standards of excellence defines the
a. autonomy motive
b. achievement motive
c. affiliation motive
d. mastery motive
16. People high in the need for achievement prefer ____ tasks since these tasks provide an appropriate combination of probability of success and incentive value for success. a. moderately easy
b. extremely difficult
c. extremely easy
d. moderately difficult
17. Which of the following is not one of the three components of emotion? a. physiological
b. behavioral
c. cognitive

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