Final Mild Stone
Michaelina Alexander 16th November,2014 Walden University Instructor: Professor Cynthia Luna
Delivering educational material to high school students can be a taxing feat. Students can become overwhelmed and discouraged. Motivating students, through the establishment of entertaining learning activities and incorporating versatile methods of teaching as well as ; collaborating the efforts of teachers and parents to motivate students to perform optimally in class, enabling them to successfully graduate along with their peers. Kendra Cherry expert of psychology, defines motivation as ''a process that initiates, guides, and maintains goal-oriented behaviors. It involves the biological, emotional, social, and cognitive forces that activate behavior''. This essay, therefore, seeks to highlight ways in which high school students can be assisted to succeed through motivation.
Motivation is of two types intrinsic and extrinsic. Intrinsic motivation,is of an internal nature,where a person performs a task based on its importance to them,extrinsic motivation on the other hand is of an external nature ,in which the job will be rewarding to the individual performing the task.(leadership.com,2013)
Most students who lack motivation often don't want to learn. Statistics shows one-third of students who enter high school drop out before graduation(Gordon &Gordon, n.d.).Parents should be involved in the lives of children to foster academic motivation since they play a significant role in their child's academic accomplishments. ''Research shows ,that when parents are involved in the lives of adolescents,they do better in school and that education works best when there is a teacher/parent collaboration'';(US.Department of Education,2002).
In Mary Sherry's In praise of the ''F'' word ,Sherry says after speaking with her son's english teacher, Mrs.Stifter,about his poor performance; she is going to flunk you,''I told my son'';thereafter english became priority and he completed the class with an A .Students who are aware of the importance and interest placed on their school work by their parents are likely to feel motivated to strive to do better in school. Moreover, having a parent sitdown to go over more difficult work can be very helpful in motivating low achievers (University of Michigan (UOM), n.d.).
There are many strategies to motivate students; for example, constructing shortened entertaining and exciting learning times.A study conducted in 1996,by professors Joan Middendrof and Alan Kalish of India University; in the national teaching and learning Forum journal; stated that ''Students need 3-5 minute periods of settling down; followed by 10-18 minutes of optimal focus''. These time periods give students less information to sift through; making it simple to learn, creating understanding of the material taught thereby, facilitating motivation.According to Mary Sherry(n.d.), flunking is also a positive teaching tool, in which teachers make good on their threats, and parents support them because it is in the best interest of their child.
The use of innovative teaching techniques makes learning enjoyable to enhance its delivery. Another would be active learning strategies which range from long-term simulation to five minute cooperative problem-solving exercises.'' These stimulate inquiry and interest as students acquire knowledge and skill''(Sheckleu,1989, p.278, cited in Montgomery, Brown, & Deery,1997, p.219). Active learning techniques have many benefits; they are student-centered, maximize participation; motivates students and encourages students to approach the material with an open mind. (Bonwell&Eison,1991; Larousse' 1989; Mckerchief, 1999. Schaftel & Shaftel,...
References: The University of Michigan, Department of Psychology (n.d.) How parents motivate their children academically - parent involvement. Retrieved from http://sitemaker.umich.edu/356. Benjamin/parent involvement
Gordon, R.&Gordon, M.(n.d.)Why are our children failing school?; Retrieved from http://www.turned-offchild.com/articles/why%20are
Khan, S.(2012)Why long lectures are ineffective if students can only focus for 15-minute intervals, shouldn 't we devote class time to something engaging?; Retrieved from http://ideas.time.com/2012/10/02/why-lectures-are-ineffective
Mc Cathy, J., P., & Anderson, L., (2000)Active learning techniques versus Traditional Teaching Styles: Two Experiments from History and political Science. Innovative Higher Education, vol 24, No.4; Retrieved from http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/B:lHlE.000004
Bain, K., (2004)What the best college Teachers Do. Harvard University Press,PP 40-41;Retrieved from http://cft vanderbuilt.edu subpages/motivating-students/
Bandy,J.,Bruff,D.Claibornne,L.&Morell,J.(2012)Center For Teaching: Teaching outside the classroom; Retrieved from http://cft vanderbuilt.edu-subpages/teaching-outside-the-classroom
Editorial: Advantages of using Technology in the classroom: Benefits of using Technology in the classroom(n.d.)
Cherry, .K, (2014) What is the motivation?; Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/mindex/g/motivation-definition.htm
Sherry,.M,(n.d.) In Praise Of The ' 'F ' ' word. In Nadell, J., Langan, J., & Comodromos, E. A., The Longman writer: Rhetoric, reader, research guide, and handbook (8th ed.) (pp 458-460). New York, NY: Pearson Education
Stroll,.C,(n.d.)Cyber School. In Nadell, J., Langan, J., & Comodromos, E. A., The Longman writer: Rhetoric, reader, research guide, and handbook (8th ed.) (pp 458-460). New York, NY: Pearson Education
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