A Comprehensive Study on Motivation and Its Application in the Organisational Context

Topics: Motivation, Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Organizational studies and human resource management Pages: 26 (5523 words) Published: December 18, 2012



Kumaran S

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Definition of Motivation












Benefits/ Importance


Theories of Motivation


Practical application of Motivation in


Organizational context
Real time analysis- Case Studies





From the smallest nonprofit to the largest multinational conglomerate, firms and organizations all have to deal with the concept of organizational behavior.Late in the 19thcenturyFrederick Taylor developed one of the earliest conceptions of managementand the management role which included a set of assumptions about motivation. Taylor drew upon the wider authority and methodology of scienceto offer version of what the manager should do. The division of labor between worker and manager was seen in terms of a separation of theplanning function from that of execution. It is attempt to relate reward to theefficiency of effort and output that has led many to insist that Taylor placed aprimary motivational value upon money. Motivation is one of the most important parts of organizationbehavior when we do some research of human resource management.Because motivation is the fuel that drives a person to fulfill their goals, wants, and needs. The key to leadership success is motivating others to do their best. Motivation plays a very important role in workplace for both manager and employee to achieve their personal goal and company’s target.  

Definition of Motivation:
1. According to Stephen P. Robbins- motivation is the processes that accounts for an individual’s intensity, direction, and persistence of efforts towards attaining a goal.”
2. According to Dubin motivation could be defined as- “the complex of forces starting and keeping a person at work in an organisation. Motivation is something that moves the person to action, and continues him in the course of action already initiated”.


Motivation is Internal and external factors that stimulate desire and energy in people to be continually interested in and committed to a job, role, or subject, and to exert persistent effort in attaining a goal.

Motivation refers to the way a person is enthused at work to intensify his/her desire and willingness to use and channelize his/her energy for the achievement of organizational objectives. It is something that moves a person into action wand continue him in the course of action enthusiastically. The role of motivation is to develop and intensify the desire in every member of the organization to work effectively and efficiently in his position. 2


The earliest views on human motivation were dominated by the concept of hedonism: the idea that people seek pleasure and comfort and try to avoidpain and discomfort. But, Motivation represents the forces acting onor within a person that cause the person to behave in a specific, goal-directed manager.From the manger’s viewpoint, the objective is to motivate people to behavein ways that are in the organization’s best interest. (Moorhead & Griffin 1995,p.78) From another way, motivation is the term used to describe thoseprocesses, both instinctive and rational, by which people seek to satisfy thebasic drives, perceived needs and personal goals, which trigger humanbehavior. (Cole 1995, p.119) And other writers defined the study of motivation is concerned with why people behave in a certain way, and withwhat determines the direction and persistence of their actions.

Levels of work performance are determined not only by the ability of staff but also by thestrength of their motivation. If staffs are to perform to the best of their abilities, attention must also be given to the nature of work motivation and...

Bibliography: Reference Journal papersGardner, D.G., Dyne, L.V., and Pierce, J.L. (2004) The effects of pay level on organizationbased self-esteem and performance: A field study. Journal of Occupational and
Organizational Psychology, 77, 307–322.
Igalens and Roussel (1999) A study of the relationships between compensation package,
work motivation and job satisfaction
Seo, J-G., Bartunek, J.M., and Barrett, L.F. (2009) The role of affective experience in work
motivation: Test of a conceptual model
Thierry, H. (1992). Payment: Which meanings are rewarding? American Behavioral Scientist,
35, 694–707.
Reference booksCole, G.A. (1995) Organization Behavior, DP Publications Ltd, London.
Griffin, R.W., and Moorhead, G. (2006) Organization Behavior: Managing People and
Organization, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston.
Robbins S.P., and Judge, T.A. (1995) Organizational Behavior, Twelfth Edition, PHI
Publication India
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